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INDEX

523

Antony, Mark ; early career, i. 382-383 ;
Battle of Philippi, 383 ; 384; Peace of
Brundusium, 385; expedition against
Parthia, 387; 388; campaigns in Ar-
menia, 389-390539*, 394,402,442,520

Anu-banini (Semitic monarch), i. 71

Anushirwan, vide Noshirwan

Anushtigin, founder of the Dynasty of
Khwarazm Shahs, ii. 105 ; 121

Anwari (poet), ii. 123, 125, 140

Anzan, district of, vide Anshan

Anzan-Susunka, i. 54

Aornos, i. 287, 289, 290

Apama, daughter of Seleucus, i. 319

Apama, daughter of Spitamenes, i. 307,325

Apamea,i. 315, 327, 385,488-494 5 sacked
by the Persians, 523

-Apavarta range, i. 334

•Aphetae, harbour in Greece, i. 214

"Aphumon, fortress of, i. 516

Apis, Bull, i. 249

Apollodorus of Artemis, i. 332

-Apollonia, i. 339

Apostana, i. 149

Arabia, i. 26, 40, 87, 173, 175, 179, 300;
campaign of Noshirwan, 493-494 j over-
throw of the Persian Empire by the
Arabs, 529-544 ; description of, ii. 1-2 j
ancient religion of the Arabs, 3 et seq. j
political situation at time of Mohamed's
birth, 6-8 5 rebellion in, 27 ; Tahir's
campaign, 72

* Arabian Sea, i, i6, 46

Arabistan, province of (the ancient Elam),

i- 4» 5> x.°» 3°? 47» 48, 54
Arabius, River, i. 296, 297
Arachosia, L 101, 102,173, 286, 296, 329
Arafat, hill of, ii. 4
Arahvaiti, vide Arachosia
Arakha,  Babylonian   Pretender,  i,   189

footnote
Aral, Sea of, i. 23,24, 28 ; Russian advance

to, ii. 460

^ Aramaeans, the, i. 87, 88, 89
-Ararat, kingdom of, vide Urartur
-Ararat, Mount, i. 3, 7, 16,17, 22 5 ii. 300
*'Aras, River (the classical Araxes), i. 3, 22,

I2J, 389, 428 ; ii. 204
- Arbela 5 Battle of, i. 273-277 ; 330,502,542
Arcadius, Emperor, i. 464
Archtlaus, King of Macedonia, i. 253
Architecture, i.   399-401, 508-5155   ii,

284*288

Ardaburius, the Alan, i. 467  .
Arda-Viraf (Zoroastrian priest), i. 428
Ardawan, vide Artabanus (son of Vola-

gues IV.)
"Ardebiljii. 80, 159, 240, 241,246,291,

347

Ardeshir I., founder of the Saaanian
Dynasty, i, 49, no, 4175 legend of,
424-42^ 5 struggle with Ardawan, 425 •,

contest with Severus Alexander, 426-
427 ; conquest of Armenia, 427-428 ;
revives Zoroastrianism, 428-429 ; char-
acter and achievements, 429 ; 430,431,
A l3^.44^ V7' 5°5' 5I3' 541
Ardeshir II., i. 462
Ardeshir Dirazdast, vide Artaxerxes Longi-
manus
Ardys, King of Lydia, i. 137
Areia, vide Aria
Areobindus thetGoth, i. 467
"Argandab, River, i. 286
Arghun,   or   Argawan, son   of  Abaga 5
accession  and  reign of, ii. 171, 185-
186 ; 187, 283 footnote
Argos, i. 211, 225,252
Aria, or Areia, i. 102, 173, 210 5 conquest
by Alexander, 283-285
Ariaeus, Persian general, L 238, 241
Arianism, i. 475
Ariaspae, the, i. 286
Ariaspes (son of Artaxerxes II.), i, 247
Arinthaeus, Roman general, i. 453
Adstagoras, tyrant of Miletus, i. 200, 201
Aristides, i. 217
Aristobulus (Greek historian), i. 23, 32,
383
Aristogeiton, statues of, i. 277
Aristotle, i. 259, 304, 497 ; ii. 133
Arizanti, the, i. 103
[-Armenia,!. 102, 125, 135, 171, 173, 174,
241, 250, 319, 336, 349; invaded by
Antiochus IV., 3515  357;   relations
with Parthia, 361-362 j 364, 365, 367,
368, 37°> 37*> 37*» 3.75» 386> 3^75
Mark Antony's campaigns, 389-390;
struggle for, by Rome and Parthia, 402
et seq.; and Trajan, 41^-411; evacua-
tion by Hadrian, 413 ; 414, 416, 419,
425 ; conquest by Ardeshir, 427-428 5
revolt of, 431 j seizure by Tiridates,
440-441 ; 442, 446; treaty with Rome,
449 ; 452 5 Roman and Persian policy,
458-460 5 partition of, 463 ; 466, 467 ;
Persian Armenia reduced to a satrapy,
468 j persecution under Yezdigird II.,
471 j revolt of, 473 ; 474; church in,
475, 4765 482, 495» 5«>) 519, 521,
524, 530; ii. 167, 220, 222; Shan
Abbas, and his treatment of, 266
Armenian Plateau, i, 3
.Armuza, Persian port, i. 149
Arnold, Sir Edwin, ii. 4
Arnold, Matthew, i. 24, 107
Arrian, i. 12, 15, 16 footnote, 32, 46, i|J>
191,264, 269, 277-279, 280, 281, 284,
294,297-304,413                          .
Arsaces I., founder of the Parthian Empire,
career of, i. 3*3, 33J-33^ 348, 397
Arsaces II., i. 3315 Hyrcania conquered,
3335 334> 335                    .             .
Arsaces III., i. 227,228,332,336,337,346